Labour Market Opinion is now a Labour Market Impact Assessment2014-08-02
If you are planning to work in Canada as a temporary foreign worker, you typically need an employer who is willing to hire you. That employer must also be willing to apply to the government to show that it is difficult (or impossible) to find a Canadian who is able to do the job you wish to do.
In the past the employer would apply for a “labour market opinion” (LMO) to confirm that it would be difficult to find a Canadian. An LMO would be issued and you would use that LMO to apply for your work permit.
However, the labour market opinion is now known as a labour market impact assessment (LMIA). A positive LMIA (or a confirmation letter) will confirm that a foreign worker is required because there is no Canadian available to do the job.
However, not all Canadian employers are required to obtain a positive LMIA. In many cases, an work permit can be obtained without an LMIA. Click here and scroll down to “Obtaining a Work Permit Not Requiring ESDC Confirmation” for a list of work permits that be obtained without an LMIA.